The first people to come to Iran were the Aryans. They were divided into two main groups, the Medes and the Persians. With the unification of the Medes, the "Median" state was formed.
After a while, the Persians were able to overthrow the Medes and establish the Achaemenid, Parthian and Sassanid dynasties.. Research shows that Iranian women from the time of the Medes, who were the first inhabitants of this land, wore a full hijab, including a long pleated shirt, pants up to the ankles and a chador and a long cloak on clothes. Different dynasties of the Persians were also common.5 Therefore, during the mission of Zoroaster and before and after, Iranian women wore full hijab. According to historical texts, covering the hair and wearing long clothes, pants and a chador were common in all those times, and although women were able to move freely outside the house and work alongside men, this was done with Complete hijab and strict avoidance of corrupt mixes.
The cultural status of the veil among the noble women of Iran is such that during the complete rule of the kings, when Xerxes ordered Queen Vashi to come to the feast without a veil so that those present could see the beauty of her body, she refused and He refused to obey the king's order and because of this disobedience, by the order of the judges, he lost the title of "Queen of Iran".
During the Sassanid period, which is after the prophecy of Zarathustra, in addition to the chador, face covering also became common among aristocratic women.. According to Will Durant, after Darius, upper-class women did not dare to leave the house except in a cloaked bed, and they were never allowed to come and go openly with men.. Married women had no right to see any man, not even their father or brother. In the roles left from ancient Iran, no female face is seen and no name is mentioned.7
The manifestations of veiling among Iranian women are so remarkable that some thinkers and civilization writers have introduced Iran as the main source of promoting hijab in the world.8
Since the center of resurrection was "Ashu Zoroaster" in Iran and he did not see any shortage in the field of the principle of hijab and women's clothing in his society, by confirming the limits and quality of hijab common at that time, he tried to find his own inner roots with advice. Deepen and strengthen the hijab, guarantee the implementation of the internal factor and support the continuation and stability of the usual hijab.
Look at the advice of "Ashuzartasht" to clarify his efforts to excel and teach the basics of hijab and to express the need to combine the outer hijab with esoteric chastity; He says:
O young men and women!… With zeal, pursue a clean secretary life… .O men and women! Find the right path and follow. Never be surrounded by lies and fleeting joys that ruin life; For pleasure, which is accompanied by notoriety and sin, is like a deadly poison mixed with sweetness, and like itself hell.. By doing such things, ruin your universe life. The reward of the path of goodness comes to the one who removes the air, lust, selfishness and false desires from himself, overcomes himself, and negligence and negligence in this way, the end will be nothing but lamentation and regret..
Those who are deceived by committing ugly deeds will be afflicted with misery and nothingness, and in the end they will roar and shout and groan.
It should be noted that in the religion of Zoroaster, no special clothing or quality is obligatory for women to wear hijab; Rather, the common dress of the time, which included long clothes, trousers, and a cap — that is, a tent or cloak over it — was interpreted and enforced.. However, the use of sedra and wrestling - a special religious dress for Zoroastrians - is recommended.10 Of course, it is obligatory on every man and woman to cover their heads when performing rituals and prayers.. According to Moayed "Rostam Shahrzadi", women's clothing should be such that none of the hair on the woman's head is out of the cap.. In the Avesta fragment, this is explicitly stated: "The name of Zat Vajim, we all cover our heads and we all pray and Karim Badadar Hormozd; 11 means we all say your name and we all cover our heads and then we pray to Dadar Ahur Mazda".
According to religious teachings, a believing Zoroastrian should avoid looking down on women and even refrain from employing such men.. In the advice of "Azarbadmaraspand" the priest of the priests is mentioned:"Do not accept a bad-eyed man as your deputy" 12.
Covering the hair and having a mask on the face has continued after the fall of the Sassanids. Take a look at this example: After the conquest of Iran, when three of Kasra's daughters brought the Sassanid emperor to life, the Persian princes continued to cover their faces with masks.. Omar ordered the cover to be removed from the face so that buyers would make more money after the look. Iranian maids refused and punched Omar's chest in the chest, throwing them away. Omar became very angry; Wali Imam Ali(ع) He advised him to be patient and respect them.